A nuclear power plant produces a firm/consistent form of energy. To understand this form of energy we must first look at the way the power is produced. Today we talked to Dr.Jeff Loats PhD of Nuclear Physics and Director for the center for Teaching, Learning and Design at MSU of Denver.
He explained the concept of atoms they make up everything and, how their mass almost all comes from their nucleus a tiny ball in the middle of the atom. As a size comparison think of the atom as a football field and the nucleus a tiny rain in the center that’s weight makes up almost all of the mass. These are very important in the nuclear reaction process.
The process begins when a relatively heavy atom with a relatively large nucleus, most often enriched uranium, is hit with a nucleus causing the atom to split into two more atoms that release more nuclei that then go off and hit more atoms (if all goes correctly.). “We want to make a new chain reaction” explains Dr. Loats, describing how this process counties with more nuclei and atoms. This is important because, the reactions create heat.
Then, the heat boils water. Dr. Loats said, “When water heats and expands it pushes, that’s what makes the turbine turn” The steam when the atoms push out from one another turns the turbines creating energy. Nothing ever burns so the process does not affect climate change but it does put hot water into streams when it’s done with it it’s harmful to certain habitats and produce nuclear waste (which Dr. Loats insisted was not a big a problem as it was made out to be) so it is not an entirely friendly process.
Dr. Loats stated that Nuclear power is a great energy option and all of it’s problems besides nuclear waste, other renewable sources share. Any other sources with an opposing view were unavailable for comment.